World Trauma Mapping

There is an emerging line of evidence that exposure to trauma and violence leaves an “epigenetic” mark in the brain as well as peripheral white blood cells DNA. The aim of this research is to provide preliminary evidence for the plausibility of
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  COBAWU Institute, Wuppertal, 3 rd  November 2015 1 Introduction: The following draft for a research proposal was written between 2013 and 2015. It was released to very few members within military (Gratien Maire and Sher-wood McGinnis i.e.), the intelligence community (Matthew Crosston), as well as to very few scientists from several disciplines and politicians in functions in high positions. We thought it is necessary to discuss such a subject in a community to test acceptance before inducing and starting a political process. In agreement with Captain Heinz-Dieter Jopp, Director of the ISZA 1  we have de-cided to publish this document today as to open the debate. This document is a draft. It is not a final research proposal. It is the ground for a research to be decided. This document has been sent out to very few people right after writing it in 2015. We expected reactions. None came in a direct and visible way. Instead we have seen changes in politics which do not seem to be favoring democracy. We expected and hoped politics would pick it up to initiate a debate in favor of a use of hormones in terms of manipulating epigenetics that would be sub- jected to medical ethics in terms of an empathic and human attitude. But we understand that many political decisions right now affect badly our presence and existence. We have decided to go public, because time has come to induce peace and stop war and conflict. We understand that politics are in analogy to pilots of planes responsible for the passengers on board, the plane being the country, or even planet earth. And right now, all doomsday-clocks on earth give alarming signals. Our research proposal opens ways of thought and action which may divert from nuclear war scenarios and instead push humanity towards progress. We still agree that research in epigenetics is a necessary step towards improving the world and reducing violence. But we see that not all researchers and teams working on such subjects agree on methods and purposes of research: Since the Rockefeller University published an article with the title:  Oxytocin-enforced norm compliance reduces xenophobic outgroup rejection Nina Marsh, Dirk Scheele, Justin S. Feinstein, Holger Gerhardt, Sabrina Strang, Wolfgang Maier and René Hurlemann, PNAS August 14, 2017. 201705853; published ahead of print August 14, 2017. Edited by Bruce S. McEwen, The Rockefeller Uni-versity, New York, NY, and approved July 10, 2017 (received for review April 7, 2017) We consider the time has come we introduce our research notions because a 1  Information on Captain Heinz-Dieter Jopp can be gathered on the Internet. We recommend reading the statements of the main organization hosting the ISZA and a CV of Captain Jopp is published by the German Navy here:   COBAWU Institute, Wuppertal, 3 rd  November 2015 2 debate on the ethics of this type of research needs to be started. We do not approve of the research published by the Rockefeller University. We oppose such experimentations. We may have approved the discussion of such a research if it had been done in terms of a medical cure or a medical use, in terms of a need: i.e. curing hy-poempathy. The experiments described in the article are far from having such an intention. The experiments were done with as it seems average population without any medical indication. Even if the hormones had been used in US American population, we would have understood the same. And even if the same research had been done with the CEO of McDonald-Douglas and Ray-theon, our core opponents in terms of peace politics, and as much as we would like to change the minds of those CEO, we would not approve the use of hormones in the way it was dine according to this article. The way the research described in the article was done suggests that the use of hormones may be licit to manipulate at large public opinion. To the public, this needs to be viewed as a very dangerous manipulation and influencing of global civil socie-ty. If this type of experiment goes on, democracy is dead. Consequently, we have several ethics claims we do wish to be considered in terms of research with epigenetics. Therefor we publish our research proposal, as a motivation for a public debate which is necessary to establish an ethical ground and agreement before any further manipulation of epigenetics is done out of the blue and with no clear and intend purpose backed in ethical terms.  COBAWU Institute, Wuppertal, 3 rd  November 2015 3 Draft proposal for a research in epigenetics on markers for trauma versus resili-ence to combat hypoempathy. Abstract There is an emerging line of evidence that exposure to trauma and violence leaves an “epigenetic” mark in the brain as well as peripheral white blood cells DNA. The aim of this research is to provide preliminary evidence for the plausi-bility of objective “epigenetic” DNA  methylation based markers of trauma and empathy. The practical outcome of this research is the ability to provide scien-tifically accurate tools to diagnosis “ state of affairs ”  via a simple blood sam-pling. The aim is to be able to diagnose a true toll of trauma on members of groups of people that were subjected to unusual conditions such as i.e. due to forced migration. Research-target is the assessment of politics on how to deal with i.e. migration-phenomena in the context of violence-osmosis and permeability to violence of and in different societies. Building up resilience against the system of violence is possible when accurate assessments are done. Follow up and development of behavioral intervention is far more accurate and precise when it is formed based on objective “epigenetic”  evidence. Hypoempathy is a highly conta-gious disease, which has not yet been understood by social and political elites in the Western world.  COBAWU Institute, Wuppertal, 3 rd  November 2015 4 Introduction Research in epigenetics is exciting but there is no sufficient funding being provided for pioneer researchers to do a thorough work that will allow translation of epigenetic prin-ciples to practice in behavioural and social interventions. Any reader may note, that approaching this subject from a system theory of violence point of view is unusual and irritating. The authors are aware of such irritation, as systems theory of violence is an unusual discipline. On the other hand, it allows for a sharp in-sight into the research field and its whereabouts. An optimistic naïve approach would only serve the system of violence. While some violence connotations may seem exag-gerated to the reader, the authors argue that there is insufficient prudence and awareness regarding the system of violence. Once system theory of violence is acknowledged, thinking “ badly ”  is just not enough. Nevertheless, the outcome of the present document is highly optimistic, due to its contrast with other naïve approaches. What are the consequences if no funding is provided for epigenetic research in this area? Let’s have a short outlook on examples of research done until our days. Parallels have been established since 2008, clearly proving that there is a direct correla-tion between trauma impact in brains and violent behavior. Trauma impact may lower genuine empathy capacity to the extent of empathy vanishing, leading to psycho-pathic behavior. Psychopathic behavior inflicts more violence and trauma on others, enforcing a violence spiral. Research done upon victims of child abuse in Canada who committed suicide proves that there is a strong direct correlation between a certain type of trauma like child abuse and suicide in a specific range of age. 2  Further re-search published in 2011 done on pregnant women in Germany suffering physical bat-tering lead to the very same conclusion. The offspring, the children are all damaged in exactly the same way, thus leading to a specific deformation of behaviors. 3  This specif-ic deformation of behaviors may trigger victimization, unless behavioral interventions are utilized to counter trauma effect. This is the typical result of trauma. It deforms day-to-day attitudes, thus leading to a growing pool of violent attitudes within society, Dr. Gary Slutkin 4  has described violence as an illness that is highly contagious and needs medical treatment in terms of a pan-demic. His approach in Chicago proves that there is a possibility of rapidly changing trauma impact on society by using typical medical treatment for pandemics. The out-come of his project and program has been a substantial (80%) reduction of criminality in the streets of Chicago within 3 years, as published by Slutkin. If his work was complemented and supported by scientific data based on epigenetic evaluation, that 3 year time period could be lowered to 6 months with probably much less effort in manpower. Also the rehabilitation quote would rise substantially. Group dynamics have proven that a strategic and technical approach is efficient when it 2   Patrick O McGowan, Aya Sasaki, Ana C D’Alessio, Sergiy Dymov, Benoit Labonté, Moshe Szyf, Gustavo Turecki and Michael J Meaney, Nat Neurosci. 2009 March ; 12(3): 342  –  348. doi:10.1038/nn.2270. NIH Public Access, Author Manuscript 3  KM Radtke, M Ruf, HM Gunter, K Dohrmann, M Schauer, A Meyer and T Elbert. Transgenerational impact of intimate partner violence on methylation in the promoter of the glucocorticoid recep-tor, Transl Psychiatry (2011) 1, e21, doi:10.1038/tp.2011.21 & 2011 Macmillan Publishers Limited All rights reserved 2158-3188/11 4  Please find more information published by Gary Slutkin on:   COBAWU Institute, Wuppertal, 3 rd  November 2015 5 produces fast enough synergies and builds trust in a community. Trust based on certi-tude and not assumption has a different quality than dependence on experts in the field who make estimations and express opinions. On the other hand, it is sufficiently known within society, that trauma and injuries are expensive, not just to victims, but also to all of society. Economists like Douglas C. North have proven that transaction costs (those include costs of restoration after trauma im-pact) destroy entire economies and civilizations. 5  One would assume that the immense cost of violence to society would trigger political decisions in favor of research efforts. This is not the case. The social cost of violence is being downplayed for strategic political reasons, as it was earlier the case with other political turmoil induced by specific sectarian violence like the apartheid system or as it was for health threatening issues, like cancer creating tobacco addiction or alcohol addiction. Violence as a system 6  creates synergies and dependencies with the structures of power and people implementing them. This is unhealthy for both, the structures and the people operating within, and it is chem-ically recorded in physiological systems including our DNA. If corruption deforms the narratives that could stop violence, it is easy to pretend that there is no such proof, that there is no such conclusive research, etc. as epigenetics research. Corruption provides the very substrate for such omission. So, does forced migration 7  and human trafficking. Conclusive research that could lead to further proof is presently being downplayed and not being used as an efficient governance tool. The reason seems simple. Are we facing yet another period of divide and conquer and then impose your choice of dis-tribution, as to divide further and further conquer  ? Reminding policy- and decision-makers that the cost of violence is horrendous to socie-ty does have little effect, as political powers provide a certain degree of immunity and bluntness. In the same way, so called “ corporatocracy ” 8  uses all its might and power to allegedly evade social responsibility to the detriment of social tissues and in favor of single players, the health and finance oligarchy is first  –  using and abusing politics. This makes sense as it keeps complexity low, always in favor and always well-tuned with the system of violence as a regulator of human complexity. 5  Kai T. Ericsson, in his 1979 book, “ Everything in its path ” , clearly demonstrates how collective trauma impact affects social tissue destabilizing existing and functional social structures. The sud-den impact of trauma on cultures has been reviewed in history and anthropology, as it is i.e. the case for Minoan Culture, etc. 6  Andreu Miquel Ginestet Menke, 2008, System Theory of Violence, published by the ISC for the World Criminology Congress in Barcelona. See also his publishing for NATO on complexity curves, published further on Defence_Agenda_Andres_Ginestet_statement  7  Adam Lichtenheld July 1, 2014, “ FORCED MIGRATION AS A WEAPON OF WAR IN IRAQ AND BEYOND” UN Dispatch 8  Deborah Hardoon, 2015, OXFAM ISSUE BRIEFING, WEALTH: HAVING IT ALL AND WANTING MORE “Global wealth is increasingly being concentrated in the hands of a small wealthy elite. These wealthy individuals have generated and sustained their vast riches through their interests and activities in a few important economic sectors, including finance and pharmaceuti- cals/healthcare. “  
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