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Reforming library and information science education for a viable and functional 21st century profession. A paper will be presented at the National Association of library and information science educators

Reforming library and information science education for a viable and functional 21st century profession. A paper will be presented at the National Association of library and information science educators
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  AARJSH VOLUME 1 ISSUE 21 (MARCH 2014) ISSN : 2278  –  859X  Asian Academic Research Journal of Social Sciences & Humanities www.asianacademicresearch.org  568   A Peer Reviewed International Journal of Asian   Academic Research Associates AARJSH ASIAN ACADEMIC RESEARCH J O U R N A L O F S O C I A L S C I E N C E & H U M A N I T I E S   CRISIS OF NOMENCLATURE AND LOCATION IN NIGERIAN UNIVERSITY BASED LIBRARY SCHOOLS- THE WAY FORWARD IFEKA E. OKEKE*;LUCKY U. OGHENETEGA**; OYENIKE OLUWATOYIN ERIMIELEAGBON*** *Department of Library and Information Science Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka Anambra State. **Department of Library and Information and Science Madonna University-Okija Anambra State ***The Library College of Education, Agbor Delta State Abstract This study is on the crisis of nomenclature and location in Nigerian University based library schools. This is descriptive survey, Data were collected through documentary sources from library literatures, NUC, discussion with professional colleges. Seven Nigerian University based library schools, were used for the study. The results of the study reveals that library schools in  Nigeria operates with different departmental names like Department of Library Science, Department of library and Information Science, Department of Library and Information Technology, whereas some departments are under faculty of education, others are in social. It was recommended that the Nigerian Library Association (NLA) and Librarians Registration council of Nigeria (LRCN) must be ready to step into these crisis. The departmental names must  be library and information science and should be under the social science faculty. The degree to  be awarded will read Bachelor in Library and Information Science (BLIS). Keyword: Crisis, Nomenclature, Location, Library Education.  AARJSH VOLUME 1 ISSUE 21 (MARCH 2014) ISSN : 2278  –  859X  Asian Academic Research Journal of Social Sciences & Humanities www.asianacademicresearch.org  569   INTRODUCTION This paper is on crisis of nomenclature and location in Nigerian University based library schools. Librarianship in Nigeria met all the requirements that qualifies it to be a profession. It has a body of knowledge, theoretical base, specialized skill, an association, formal education and most importantly a body (Librarians Registration Council) that regulate its practices. Librarianship education started in 1960 at the then university college Ibadan, then known as the institute of librarianship but now the Department of Library, Archival and Information studies. This was followed with the establishment of library education at Ahmadu Bello University in 1968, Bayero University 1977, University of Maiduguri 1978 and University of  Nigeria Nsukka 1983. Library and Information Science education program in Nigeria are offered at various tertiary level institutions such as colleges of Education, Polytechnics and Universities. Such program awards certificate, diploma, BLS, BLIS, BED (Library) BSC Library Science/Botany MLIS, MLS, Ph.D and vary in nomenclature, content, location and grading system depending on the awarding institution. The proliferation of library schools brought about serious crisis in nomenclature and location. Though some of the crisis were put under control, like the stoppage of the college of Education from running NCE programme in library and information science. The proliferation also brought about the issue of curriculum in use in the various library schools. Curriculum guides students activities and developed defined procedures for the achievement of the educational goals. Ocholla (n.d) States that A curriculum is a fundamental part of any education or training  program largely because it provides not only a list of courses or modules offered in a program, but also gives information on content, purpose, method, time/duration, trainers and location or situation of a programmer course-all of which are essential in a successful dispensation of manpower training and education. The inability of the Nigeria Library schools today to operate on a defined and generally acceptable curriculum has created major crisis in library education which brought about the crisis of nomenclature and location.  AARJSH VOLUME 1 ISSUE 21 (MARCH 2014) ISSN : 2278  –  859X  Asian Academic Research Journal of Social Sciences & Humanities www.asianacademicresearch.org  570   Statement of Problem Since the inception of library education in Nigeria with particular reference to undergraduate program in Nigerian Universities, no concrete efforts have been made to determine a universal name for library education in each faculty. Some are being addressed as the department of library science, Department of Library and Information Science, Department of Library and Information Technology. Some of the library schools are even a unit of the education foundation department. Also some awards BLS, BLIS, BA/BSc, BLS (Ed). BED (Library Science). To worsen the situation the location of the department in the faculties in  Nigerian university also differs. Some are under faculty of Education, faculty of science, faculty of social science and faculty of science and science education. These developments above have  brought about a lot of crisis in the development of librarianship. It is therefore very necessary to find out the crisis and the extent it has gone in effecting the professional development and the way forward. Purpose of the study The general purpose is the crisis of nomenclature and location of Nigerian University  based library schools. Specifically the objectives are to: 1. determine the location and nomenclature of the departments of Library and Information Science in Nigerian Universities. 2. ascertain the crisis brought about by the discrepancies in nomenclature and location. 3. Proffer possible solutions to the crisis. Schools that offers among others, first degree programme S/N Library School Year Established Home Faculty Name of Department First Degree Awarded 1. University of Ibadan, Ibadan 1960 Education Library, Archival and Information Science BLS 2. Ahmadu Bello University, 1968 Education Librarian Science BLS  AARJSH VOLUME 1 ISSUE 21 (MARCH 2014) ISSN : 2278  –  859X  Asian Academic Research Journal of Social Sciences & Humanities www.asianacademicresearch.org  571   Zaria 3. Bayero University, Kano 1977 Education Library Science BA/B.SC 4. University of Maiduguri 1978 Education Library Science BLS 5. University of Nigeria,  Nuskka 1986 Education Library & Information Science BA/B.SC 6. Imo State University, Owerri 1990 Social Science Library & Information Science BLS/B.SC 7. Abia State University, Uturu 1990 Social Science Library & Information Science B.SC 8. Enugu State University of Science & Tech., Enugu 1991 Education BLS (Ed) 9. Edo State University (Ambrose Alli University), Ekpoma 1991 Social Science Library & Information Science BLS Scope:  The work is limited to seven Nigerian University  –   library based schools namely:  Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Delta State University, University of Nigeria, Nuskka (UNN), Madonna University-Okija, Anambra State, Federal University of Technology Minna, Abia State University, Uturu and Edo State University-Ekpoma. S/N Library School Year Established Home Faculty Name of Department First Degree Awarded 1. Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka 1991 Education Library & Information Science BLIS 2. Delta State University 1991 Education Library & Information Science BLS 3. University of Nigeria,  Nuskka (UNN) 1986 Education Library & Information Science BA/B.Sc 4. Madonna University-Okija, 1999 Social Science Library & BLS  AARJSH VOLUME 1 ISSUE 21 (MARCH 2014) ISSN : 2278  –  859X  Asian Academic Research Journal of Social Sciences & Humanities www.asianacademicresearch.org  572   Anambra State Information Science 5. Federal University of Technology Minna 2001 Science & Science Education Library & Information Technology B Tech. LI S 6. Abia State University, Uturu 1990 Social Science Library & Information Science B.Sc 7. Edo State University-Ekpoma 1991 Social Science Library & Information Science BLS These respective library and information science nomenclature and location were discovered. Method of Data collection The data for this paper was collected from i). Literatures documented in the library ii). National University commission documents iii). Jamb brochure 2013 iv). Discussion with some heads of library schools and professional colleagues. Data Analysis and finding/Discussion All the sources used for this study were properly accessed and analysed with respect to the seven (7) University based library schools, The analysis and discussion are as follows: 1. The first library school in Nigeria was established in the 1962/63 session in the University of Ibadan as an institute of librarianship. At that time it not only stood on its own because institute could award diplomas and certificates but it was also located in the University library with the then librarian, late Williams John Harries as the pioneer director. As the institute expanded, it was transferred to the faculty of Education for two reasons. The first was that the focus was on the production of teacher/librarians. Arising from this was the second reason, namely that as a component of education, the teaching and research method were those appropriate for education. This remained the situation
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