Research

19 views

The Cosmic Ray Energy Spectrum and Related Measurements with the Pierre Auger Observatory

Studies of the cosmic ray energy spectrum at the highest energies with the Pierre Auger Observatory.
of 26

Please download to get full document.

View again

All materials on our website are shared by users. If you have any questions about copyright issues, please report us to resolve them. We are always happy to assist you.
Previous:

Propositions

Share
Tags
Transcript
  June 2009 The Cosmic Ray Energy Spectrumand Related Measurementswith thePierre Auger Observatory Presentations for the31st International Cosmic Ray Conference, L´od´z , Poland, July 20091.  Measurement of the cosmic ray energy spectrum above  10 18 eV with thePierre Auger Observatory ,  presented by F. Sch¨ussler   .....................Page 62.  The cosmic ray flux observed at zenith angles larger than 60 degrees withthe Pierre Auger Observatory ,  presented by R. Vazquez   ................Page 103.  Energy calibration of data recorded with the surface detectors of the PierreAuger Observatory ,  presented by C. Di Giulio   ........................... Page 144.  Exposure of the Hybrid Detector of The Pierre Auger Observatory ,  presented by Francesco Salamida   ..................................................... Page 185.  Energy scale derived from Fluorescence Telescopes using Cherenkov Lightand Shower Universality ,  presented by S. M¨uller   ........................ Page 22  PIERRE AUGER COLLABORATION J. Abraham 8 , P. Abreu 71 , M. Aglietta 54 , C. Aguirre 12 , E.J. Ahn 87 , D. Allard 31 , I. Allekotte 1 ,J. Allen 90 , J. Alvarez-Mu ˜ niz 78 , M. Ambrosio 48 , L. Anchordoqui 104 , S. Andringa 71 , A. Anzalone 53 ,C. Aramo 48 , E. Arganda 75 , S. Argir`o 51 , K. Arisaka 95 , F. Arneodo 55 , F. Arqueros 75 , T. Asch 38 ,H. Asorey 1 , P. Assis 71 , J. Aublin 33 , M. Ave 96 , G. Avila 10 , T. B ¨acker 42 , D. Badagnani 6 ,K.B. Barber 11 , A.F. Barbosa 14 , S.L.C. Barroso 20 , B. Baughman 92 , P. Bauleo 85 , J.J. Beatty 92 ,T. Beau 31 , B.R. Becker 101 , K.H. Becker 36 , A. Bell´etoile 34 , J.A. Bellido 11 ,  93 , S. BenZvi 103 ,C. Berat 34 , P. Bernardini 47 , X. Bertou 1 , P.L. Biermann 39 , P. Billoir 33 , O. Blanch-Bigas 33 ,F. Blanco 75 , C. Bleve 47 , H. Bl ¨umer 41 ,  37 , M. Boh´a ˇcov´a 96 ,  27 , D. Boncioli 49 , C. Bonifazi 33 ,R. Bonino 54 , N. Borodai 69 , J. Brack 85 , P. Brogueira 71 , W.C. Brown 86 , R. Bruijn 81 , P. Buchholz 42 ,A. Bueno 77 , R.E. Burton 83 , N.G. Busca 31 , K.S. Caballero-Mora 41 , L. Caramete 39 , R. Caruso 50 ,W. Carvalho 17 , A. Castellina 54 , O. Catalano 53 , L. Cazon 96 , R. Cester 51 , J. Chauvin 34 ,A. Chiavassa 54 , J.A. Chinellato 18 , A. Chou 87 ,  90 , J. Chudoba 27 , J. Chye 89d , R.W. Clay 11 ,E. Colombo 2 , R. Conceic¸ ˜ ao 71 , B. Connolly 102 , F. Contreras 9 , J. Coppens 65 ,  67 , A. Cordier 32 ,U. Cotti 63 , S. Coutu 93 , C.E. Covault 83 , A. Creusot 73 , A. Criss 93 , J. Cronin 96 , A. Curutiu 39 ,S. Dagoret-Campagne 32 , R. Dallier 35 , K. Daumiller 37 , B.R. Dawson 11 , R.M. de Almeida 18 , M. DeDomenico 50 , C. De Donato 46 , S.J. de Jong 65 , G. De La Vega 8 , W.J.M. de Mello Junior 18 ,J.R.T. de Mello Neto 23 , I. De Mitri 47 , V. de Souza 16 , K.D. de Vries 66 , G. Decerprit 31 , L. delPeral 76 , O. Deligny 30 , A. Della Selva 48 , C. Delle Fratte 49 , H. Dembinski 40 , C. Di Giulio 49 ,J.C. Diaz 89 , P.N. Diep 105 , C. Dobrigkeit  18 , J.C. D’Olivo 64 , P.N. Dong 105 , A. Dorofeev 88 , J.C. dosAnjos 14 , M.T. Dova 6 , D. D’Urso 48 , I. Dutan 39 , M.A. DuVernois 98 , R. Engel 37 , M. Erdmann 40 ,C.O. Escobar 18 , A. Etchegoyen 2 , P. Facal San Luis 96 ,  78 , H. Falcke 65 ,  68 , G. Farrar 90 ,A.C. Fauth 18 , N. Fazzini 87 , F. Ferrer 83 , A. Ferrero 2 , B. Fick 89 , A. Filevich 2 , A. Filip ˇci ˇc 72 ,  73 ,I. Fleck 42 , S. Fliescher 40 , C.E. Fracchiolla 85 , E.D. Fraenkel 66 , W. Fulgione 54 , R.F. Gamarra 2 ,S. Gambetta 44 , B. Garc´ıa 8 , D. Garc´ıa G´amez 77 , D. Garcia-Pinto 75 , X. Garrido 37 ,  32 , G. Gelmini 95 ,H. Gemmeke 38 , P.L. Ghia 30 ,  54 , U. Giaccari 47 , M. Giller 70 , H. Glass 87 , L.M. Goggin 104 ,M.S. Gold 101 , G. Golup 1 , F. Gomez Albarracin 6 , M. G´omez Berisso 1 , P. Gonc¸alves 71 ,M. Gonc¸alves do Amaral 24 , D. Gonzalez 41 , J.G. Gonzalez 77 ,  88 , D. G´ora 41 ,  69 , A. Gorgi 54 ,P. Gouffon 17 , S.R. Gozzini 81 , E. Grashorn 92 , S. Grebe 65 , M. Grigat 40 , A.F. Grillo 55 ,Y. Guardincerri 4 , F. Guarino 48 , G.P. Guedes 19 , J. Guti´errez 76 , J.D. Hague 101 , V. Halenka 28 ,P. Hansen 6 , D. Harari 1 , S. Harmsma 66 ,  67 , J.L. Harton 85 , A. Haungs 37 , M.D. Healy 95 ,T. Hebbeker 40 , G. Hebrero 76 , D. Heck 37 , V.C. Holmes 11 , P. Homola 69 , J.R. H ¨orandel 65 ,A. Horneffer 65 , M. Hrabovsk´y 28 ,  27 , T. Huege 37 , M. Hussain 73 , M. Iarlori 45 , A. Insolia 50 ,F. Ionita 96 , A. Italiano 50 , S. Jiraskova 65 , M. Kaducak 87 , K.H. Kampert 36 , T. Karova 27 ,P. Kasper 87 , B. K´egl 32 , B. Keilhauer 37 , E. Kemp 18 , R.M. Kieckhafer 89 , H.O. Klages 37 ,M. Kleifges 38 , J. Kleinfeller 37 , R. Knapik 85 , J. Knapp 81 , D.-H. Koang 34 , A. Krieger 2 ,O. Kr ¨omer 38 , D. Kruppke-Hansen 36 , F. Kuehn 87 , D. Kuempel 36 , N. Kunka 38 , A. Kusenko 95 , G. LaRosa 53 , C. Lachaud 31 , B.L. Lago 23 , P. Lautridou 35 , M.S.A.B. Le ˜ ao 22 , D. Lebrun 34 , P. Lebrun 87 ,J. Lee 95 , M.A. Leigui de Oliveira 22 , A. Lemiere 30 , A. Letessier-Selvon 33 , M. Leuthold 40 ,I. Lhenry-Yvon 30 , R. L´opez 59 , A. Lopez Ag ¨uera 78 , K. Louedec 32 , J. Lozano Bahilo 77 , A. Lucero 54 ,H. Lyberis 30 , M.C. Maccarone 53 , C. Macolino 45 , S. Maldera 54 , D. Mandat 27 , P. Mantsch 87 ,A.G. Mariazzi 6 , I.C. Maris 41 , H.R. Marquez Falcon 63 , D. Martello 47 , O. Mart´ınez Bravo 59 ,H.J. Mathes 37 , J. Matthews 88 ,  94 , J.A.J. Matthews 101 , G. Matthiae 49 , D. Maurizio 51 , P.O. Mazur 87 ,M. McEwen 76 , R.R. McNeil 88 , G. Medina-Tanco 64 , M. Melissas 41 , D. Melo 51 , E. Menichetti 51 ,A. Menshikov 38 , R. Meyhandan 14 , M.I. Micheletti 2 , G. Miele 48 , W. Miller 101 , L. Miramonti 46 ,S. Mollerach 1 , M. Monasor 75 , D. Monnier Ragaigne 32 , F. Montanet 34 , B. Morales 64 , C. Morello 54 ,J.C. Moreno 6 , C. Morris 92 , M. Mostaf ´a 85 , C.A. Moura 48 , S. Mueller 37 , M.A. Muller 18 ,R. Mussa 51 , G. Navarra 54 , J.L. Navarro 77 , S. Navas 77 , P. Necesal 27 , L. Nellen 64 ,C. Newman-Holmes 87 , D. Newton 81 , P.T. Nhung 105 , N. Nierstenhoefer 36 , D. Nitz 89 , D. Nosek 26 ,L. No ˇzka 27 , M. Nyklicek 27 , J. Oehlschl ¨ager 37 , A. Olinto 96 , P. Oliva 36 , V.M. Olmos-Gilbaja 78 ,M. Ortiz 75 , N. Pacheco 76 , D. Pakk Selmi-Dei 18 , M. Palatka 27 , J. Pallotta 3 , G. Parente 78 ,E. Parizot 31 , S. Parlati 55 , S. Pastor 74 , M. Patel 81 , T. Paul 91 , V. Pavlidou 96c , K. Payet 34 , M. Pech 27 ,J. Pe¸kala 69 , I.M. Pepe 21 , L. Perrone 52 , R. Pesce 44 , E. Petermann 100 , S. Petrera 45 , P. Petrinca 49 ,A. Petrolini 44 , Y. Petrov 85 , J. Petrovic 67 , C. Pfendner 103 , R. Piegaia 4 , T. Pierog 37 , M. Pimenta 71 ,T. Pinto 74 , V. Pirronello 50 , O. Pisanti 48 , M. Platino 2 , J. Pochon 1 , V.H. Ponce 1 , M. Pontz 42 ,P. Privitera 96 , M. Prouza 27 , E.J. Quel 3 , J. Rautenberg 36 , O. Ravel 35 , D. Ravignani 2 ,  A. Redondo 76 , B. Revenu 35 , F.A.S. Rezende 14 , J. Ridky 27 , S. Riggi 50 , M. Risse 36 , C. Rivi`ere 34 ,V. Rizi 45 , C. Robledo 59 , G. Rodriguez 49 , J. Rodriguez Martino 50 , J. Rodriguez Rojo 9 ,I. Rodriguez-Cabo 78 , M.D. Rodr´ıguez-Fr´ıas 76 , G. Ros 75 ,  76 , J. Rosado 75 , T. Rossler 28 , M. Roth 37 ,B. Rouill´e-d’Orfeuil 31 , E. Roulet 1 , A.C. Rovero 7 , F. Salamida 45 , H. Salazar 59b , G. Salina 49 ,F. S´anchez 64 , M. Santander 9 , C.E. Santo 71 , E.M. Santos 23 , F. Sarazin 84 , S. Sarkar 79 , R. Sato 9 ,N. Scharf  40 , V. Scherini 36 , H. Schieler 37 , P. Schiffer 40 , A. Schmidt 38 , F. Schmidt 96 , T. Schmidt 41 ,O. Scholten 66 , H. Schoorlemmer 65 , J. Schovancova 27 , P. Schov´anek 27 , F. Schroeder 37 , S. Schulte 40 ,F. Sch¨ussler 37 , D. Schuster 84 , S.J. Sciutto 6 , M. Scuderi 50 , A. Segreto 53 , D. Semikoz 31 ,M. Settimo 47 , R.C. Shellard 14 ,  15 , I. Sidelnik 2 , B.B. Siffert 23 , A. ´Smiałkowski 70 , R. ˇSm´ıda 27 ,B.E. Smith 81 , G.R. Snow 100 , P. Sommers 93 , J. Sorokin 11 , H. Spinka 82 ,  87 , R. Squartini 9 ,E. Strazzeri 32 , A. Stutz 34 , F. Suarez 2 , T. Suomij ¨arvi 30 , A.D. Supanitsky 64 , M.S. Sutherland 92 ,J. Swain 91 , Z. Szadkowski 70 , A. Tamashiro 7 , A. Tamburro 41 , T. Tarutina 6 , O. Tas¸c˘au 36 ,R. Tcaciuc 42 , D. Tcherniakhovski 38 , D. Tegolo 58 , N.T. Thao 105 , D. Thomas 85 , R. Ticona 13 ,J. Tiffenberg 4 , C. Timmermans 67 ,  65 , W. Tkaczyk 70 , C.J. Todero Peixoto 22 , B. Tom´e 71 ,A. Tonachini 51 , I. Torres 59 , P. Travnicek 27 , D.B. Tridapalli 17 , G. Tristram 31 , E. Trovato 50 ,M. Tueros 6 , R. Ulrich 37 , M. Unger 37 , M. Urban 32 , J.F. Vald´es Galicia 64 , I. Vali ˜ no 37 , L. Valore 48 ,A.M. van den Berg 66 , J.R. V´azquez 75 , R.A. V´azquez 78 , D. Veberi ˇc 73 ,  72 , A. Velarde 13 ,T. Venters 96 , V. Verzi 49 , M. Videla 8 , L. Villase ˜ nor 63 , S. Vorobiov 73 , L. Voyvodic 87 ‡ , H. Wahlberg 6 ,P. Wahrlich 11 , O. Wainberg 2 , D. Warner 85 , A.A. Watson 81 , S. Westerhoff  103 , B.J. Whelan 11 ,G. Wieczorek 70 , L. Wiencke 84 , B. Wilczy´nska 69 , H. Wilczy´nski 69 , C. Wileman 81 , M.G. Winnick 11 ,H. Wu 32 , B. Wundheiler 2 , T. Yamamoto 96a , P. Younk 85 , G. Yuan 88 , A. Yushkov 48 , E. Zas 78 ,D. Zavrtanik 73 ,  72 , M. Zavrtanik 72 ,  73 , I. Zaw 90 , A. Zepeda 60b , M. Ziolkowski 42 1 Centro At´ omico Bariloche and Instituto Balseiro (CNEA-UNCuyo-CONICET), San Carlos de Bariloche, Argentina 2 Centro At´ omico Constituyentes (Comisi´ on Nacional de Energ´ıa At´ omica/CONICET/UTN- FRBA), Buenos Aires,  Argentina 3 Centro de Investigaciones en L´ aseres y Aplicaciones, CITEFA and CONICET, Argentina 4  Departamento de F ´ ısica, FCEyN, Universidad de Buenos Aires y CONICET, Argentina 6   IFLP, Universidad Nacional de La Plata and CONICET, La Plata, Argentina 7   Instituto de Astronom´ ıa y F ´ ısica del Espacio (CONICET), Buenos Aires, Argentina 8   National Technological University, Faculty Mendoza (CONICET/CNEA), Mendoza, Argentina 9 Pierre Auger Southern Observatory, Malarg¨ ue, Argentina 10 Pierre Auger Southern Observatory and Comisi´ on Nacional de Energ´ ıa At ´ omica, Malarg¨ ue, Argentina 11 University of Adelaide, Adelaide, S.A., Australia 12 Universidad Catolica de Bolivia, La Paz, Bolivia 13 Universidad Mayor de San Andr´ es, Bolivia 14 Centro Brasileiro de Pesquisas Fisicas, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil 15 Pontif´ıcia Universidade Cat´ olica, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil 16  Universidade de S ˜ ao Paulo, Instituto de F ´ ısica, S ˜ ao Carlos, SP, Brazil 17  Universidade de S˜ ao Paulo, Instituto de F´ısica, S˜ ao Paulo, SP, Brazil 18  Universidade Estadual de Campinas, IFGW, Campinas, SP, Brazil 19 Universidade Estadual de Feira de Santana, Brazil 20 Universidade Estadual do Sudoeste da Bahia, Vitoria da Conquista, BA, Brazil 21 Universidade Federal da Bahia, Salvador, BA, Brazil 22 Universidade Federal do ABC, Santo Andr ´ e, SP, Brazil 23 Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Instituto de F ´ ısica, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil 24 Universidade Federal Fluminense, Instituto de Fisica, Niter´ oi, RJ, Brazil 26  Charles University, Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, Institute of Particle and Nuclear Physics, Prague,Czech Republic 27   Institute of Physics of the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Prague, Czech Republic 28  Palack´  y University, Olomouc, Czech Republic 30  Institut de Physique Nucl´ eaire d’Orsay (IPNO), Universit ´ e Paris 11, CNRS-IN2P3, Orsay, France 31  Laboratoire AstroParticule et Cosmologie (APC), Universit´ e Paris 7, CNRS-IN2P3, Paris, France 32  Laboratoire de l’Acc´ el´ erateur Lin´ eaire (LAL), Universit ´ e Paris 11, CNRS-IN2P3, Orsay, France 33  Laboratoire de Physique Nucl´ eaire et de Hautes Energies (LPNHE), Universit ´ es Paris 6 et Paris 7, Paris Cedex 05, France  34  Laboratoire de Physique Subatomique et de Cosmologie (LPSC), Universit ´ e Joseph Fourier, INPG,CNRS-IN2P3, Grenoble, France 35 SUBATECH, Nantes, France 36   Bergische Universit ¨ at Wuppertal, Wuppertal, Germany 37  Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe, Institut f ¨ ur Kernphysik, Karlsruhe, Germany 38  Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe, Institut f ¨ ur Prozessdatenverarbeitung und Elektronik, Karlsruhe, Germany 39  Max-Planck-Institut f¨ ur Radioastronomie, Bonn, Germany 40  RWTH Aachen University, III. Physikalisches Institut A, Aachen, Germany 41 Universit¨ at Karlsruhe (TH), Institut f¨ ur Experimentelle Kernphysik (IEKP), Karlsruhe, Germany 42 Universit ¨ at Siegen, Siegen, Germany 44  Dipartimento di Fisica dell’Universit `a and INFN, Genova, Italy 45 Universit `a dell’Aquila and INFN, L’Aquila, Italy 46  Universit `a di Milano and Sezione INFN, Milan, Italy 47   Dipartimento di Fisica dell’Universit`a del Salento and Sezione INFN, Lecce, Italy 48  Universit `a di Napoli ”Federico II” and Sezione INFN, Napoli, Italy 49 Universit `a di Roma II “Tor Vergata” and Sezione INFN, Roma, Italy 50 Universit `a di Catania and Sezione INFN, Catania, Italy 51 Universit `a di Torino and Sezione INFN, Torino, Italy 52  Dipartimento di Ingegneria dell’Innovazione dell’Universit`a del Salento and Sezione INFN, Lecce, Italy 53  Istituto di Astrofisica Spaziale e Fisica Cosmica di Palermo (INAF), Palermo, Italy 54  Istituto di Fisica dello Spazio Interplanetario (INAF), Universit`a di Torino and Sezione INFN, Torino, Italy 55  INFN, Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso, Assergi (L’Aquila), Italy 58  Universit `a di Palermo and Sezione INFN, Catania, Italy 59  Benem´ erita Universidad Aut ´ onoma de Puebla, Puebla, Mexico 60 Centro de Investigaci´ on y de Estudios Avanzados del IPN (CINVESTAV), M ´ exico, D.F., Mexico 61  Instituto Nacional de Astrofisica, Optica y Electronica, Tonantzintla, Puebla, Mexico 63 Universidad Michoacana de San Nicolas de Hidalgo, Morelia, Michoacan, Mexico 64 Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Mexico, D.F., Mexico 65  IMAPP, Radboud University, Nijmegen, Netherlands 66  Kernfysisch Versneller Instituut, University of Groningen, Groningen, Netherlands 67   NIKHEF, Amsterdam, Netherlands 68   ASTRON, Dwingeloo, Netherlands 69  Institute of Nuclear Physics PAN, Krakow, Poland  70 University of Ł´ od ´  z, Ł´ od ´  z, Poland  71  LIP and Instituto Superior T´ ecnico, Lisboa, Portugal 72  J. Stefan Institute, Ljubljana, Slovenia 73  Laboratory for Astroparticle Physics, University of Nova Gorica, Slovenia 74  Instituto de F ´ ısica Corpuscular, CSIC-Universitat de Val`encia, Valencia, Spain 75 Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Madrid, Spain 76  Universidad de Alcal´ a, Alcal´ a de Henares (Madrid), Spain 77  Universidad de Granada & C.A.F.P.E., Granada, Spain 78  Universidad de Santiago de Compostela, Spain 79  Rudolf Peierls Centre for Theoretical Physics, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom 81 School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Leeds, United Kingdom 82  Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL, USA 83 Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH, USA 84 Colorado School of Mines, Golden, CO, USA 85 Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO, USA 86  Colorado State University, Pueblo, CO, USA 87  Fermilab, Batavia, IL, USA 88   Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA, USA 89  Michigan Technological University, Houghton, MI, USA 90  New York University, New York, NY, USA 91  Northeastern University, Boston, MA, USA 92 Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA 93 Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA 94 Southern University, Baton Rouge, LA, USA 95 University of California, Los Angeles, CA, USA  4 96   University of Chicago, Enrico Fermi Institute, Chicago, IL, USA 98 University of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI, USA 100  University of Nebraska, Lincoln, NE, USA 101  University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM, USA 102  University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA 103  University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI, USA 104  University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI, USA 105  Institute for Nuclear Science and Technology (INST), Hanoi, Vietnam ‡  Deceased    a at Konan University, Kobe, Japan b  On leave of absence at the Instituto Nacional de Astrofisica, Optica y Electronica c at Caltech, Pasadena, USA d at Hawaii Pacific University  Note added: An additional author, C. Hojvat, Fermilab, Batavia, IL, USA, should be added to  papers 3,4,5 in this collection
Advertisement
Related Documents
View more
Related Search
We Need Your Support
Thank you for visiting our website and your interest in our free products and services. We are nonprofit website to share and download documents. To the running of this website, we need your help to support us.

Thanks to everyone for your continued support.

No, Thanks