GUJARAT TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY PHYSICS B.E. 1stYEAR Subject Code: 3110018 (For Group II Branches) Type of course: Type of course: Basic Science (Physics) Prerequisite: Basic understanding of Math's, Physics and chemistry Rationale: The basic science physics program is to prepare students for careers in engineering where physics principles can be appli
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  GUJARAT TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY   PHYSICS B.E. 1 st YEAR Subject Code: 3110018 (For Group II Branches)   Type of course: Type of course: Basic Science (Physics) Prerequisite: Basic understanding of Math's, Physics and chemistry Rationale:   The basic science physics program is to prepare students for careers in engineering where physics principles can be applied to the advancement of technology. This education at the intersection of engineering and physics will enable students to seek employment in engineering upon graduation while, at the same time, provide a firm foundation for the pursuit of graduate studies in engineering. Teaching and Examination Scheme:  Teaching Scheme Credits Examination Marks Total Marks L T P C Theory Marks Practical Marks ESE (E) PA (M) ESE (V) PA (I) 3 0 2 4 70 30 30 20 150 Content:   SrNo   Topic   Teaching   Hrs.   Module   Weightage  1 MODULE 1: ELECTRONIC MATERIALS    Free electron theory    Density of states and energy band diagrams,    Kronig-Penny model (to introduce srcin of band gap), Energy bands in solids,    E-k diagram, Direct and indirect bandgaps,    Types of electronic materials: metals, semiconductors, and insulators,    Density of states, Occupation probability,    Fermi level, Effective mass, Phonons. 8 22% 2 MODULE 2: SEMICONDUCTORS (10)    Intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductors    Dependence of Fermi level on carrier-concentration and temperature (equilibrium carrier statistics)    Carrier generation and recombination, Carrier transport: diffusion and drift, p-n junction,    Metal-semiconductor junction (Ohmic and Schottky), Semiconductor materials of interest for optoelectronic devices 10 27%   3 MODULE 3: LIGHT-SEMICONDUCTOR INTERACTION    Optical transitions in bulk semiconductors: absorption, spontaneous emission, and stimulated emission;    Joint density of states    Density of states for photons,    Transition rates (Fermi's golden rule)    Optical loss and gain; Photovoltaic effect, Exciton    Drude model. 6 17% 4 Module 4: Measurements    Four-point probe and Van Der Pauw measurements for carrier density,    Resistivity and hall mobility    Hot-point probe measurement, capacitance-voltage measurements,    Parameter extraction from diode I-V characteristics, DLTS,     band gap by UV-Vis spectroscopy, absorption/transmission. 6 17% 5 Module 5: Superconductivity    Introduction of Superconductivity    Properties of superconductor    Effect of magnetic field    Meissner effect    Pressure effect    Impurity effect    Isotopic mass effect    Mechanism of Superconductivity : BCS Theory    Penetration depth : Magnetic field    Josephson's junction and its application Application of superconductors 6 17% References:  1.   1. J. Singh, Semiconductor Optoelectronics: Physics and Technology, McGraw-Hill Inc. (1995). 2.   2. B. E. A. Saleh and M. C. Teich, Fundamentals of Photonics, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., (2007). 3.   3. S. M. Sze, Semiconductor Devices: Physics and Technology, Wiley (2008). 4.   4. A. Yariv and P. Yeh, Photonics: Optical Electronics in Modern Communications, Oxford 5.   University Press, New York (2007). 6.   5. P. Bhattacharya, Semiconductor Optoelectronic Devices, Prentice Hall of India (1997). 7.   Engineering Physics by Dattu R Joshi, McGraw hill Publications. Extra Study Material 1. Online course: “ Semiconductor Optoelectronics ”  by M R Shenoy on NPTEL 2. Online course: Optoelectronic Materials and Devices by Monica Katiyar and Deepak Gupta on NPTEL  CourseOutcome:  1. Thestudentwilldemonstratetheabilitytothinkincoreconceptoftheirengineering application  bystudyingvarious topics involved inbranch specific applications. 2. Thestudentwilldemonstratetheability touseappropriatemathematicaltechniquesand concepts to obtain quantitative solutions to problems in physics. 3. In courses involvinglaboratory, thestudent will demonstratetheabilityto collect and analyzedata  and to preparecoherent reports ofhisor her findings. 4.In a design module project, the student will demonstrate the ability to perform a literature search, to make use of appropriate computational or laboratory skills, and to make an effective written or oral  presentation of the results of the project. List of Experiments:  1. To measure the dielectric constantofa material 2. To study the Hall-Effect. 3. To study the I-VCharacteristic of Silicon diode. 4. To study the I-VCharacteristic ofZenerdiode. 5. To study the I-VCharacteristic ofLED. 6. To determine the efficiency ofgiven solarcell. 7. To measure the Resistivity & Band gap ofGermanium Crystal (N-type)by Four Probe Method. 8. To measure thenumerical aperture ofopticalfiber. 9. To Study ofpropagation & bending loss in optical fiber. 10. P-N Junction diode as Bridge Rectifier. 11. Energy gap of Semiconductor 12. Study of cathode ray oscilloscope 13. Time constant of an R-C circuit. 14 L-C-R Circuit. 15.Logic Gates 16. Virtual Laser Optics Lab 17.Virtual Solid-State Physics Lab 18. Virtual Harmonic Motion & Waves Lab 19.Virtual Optics Lab 20. Virtual Modern Physics Lab 21.Virtual Physical Sciences Lab    List ofOpen SourceSoftware/learning website:  The FlyingCircus of Physics 2ndedition byJearlWalker, Wiley India SixIdeas that shaped physics byThomas A Moore,McGrawHilleducation stuff Howthings works by Louis A Bloomfeild,WileyPublications Physicsof Everyday Phenomena by W. Thomas Griffith, Juliet Brosing, McGraw Hill Education LatestjournalslikeBBCKnowledge,Howthingswork-everydaytechnologyexplainedby  National Geographics. 
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